Historic Harmonised Inflation Europe

Eurostat Inflation

European Union annual inflation was 1.3% in November 2019, up from 1.1% in October. These figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

The report concludes against immediate inclusion in 2018, because a monthly OOH price index is not yet available in all EU countries, and because it would deviate from the current definition of the HICP. The Commission’s report also indicates that contrary to what Draghi told MEPs, the ECB had opposed the proposal when consulted by Eurostat.

Statistical Data

We often pay too much attention to changes in the prices of these items when thinking about inflation. Price rises catch our attention more than stable or declining prices – Increases in prices also stay in our memory for longer. We tend to notice stable or declining prices less, although these prices also count when calculating the average inflation rate. All the goods and services consumed by households during the year are represented by a “basket” of items. The annual rate of inflation is the price of the total basket in a given month compared with its price in the same month one year previously. One speaks of inflation if there is a broad increase in the prices of goods and services, not just of individual items.

The term inflation, also known as currency devaluation , is characterized by a steady rise in prices for finished products . In 2019, the inflation rate in the EU was about 1.43 percent compared to the previous year. The main goal of the European Central Bank is price stability, which it defines as an annual HICP rate in the euro area of 2% or less.

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This tool is useful to calculate the time value of money based on historical inflation and CPI values. To start, select an amount and two years, or browse the default calculation results. Inflation Rate in European Union is expected to be 0.50 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations.

First, the HICP attempts to incorporate rural consumers into the sample while the US maintains a survey strictly based on the urban population. Currently, the HICP does not fully incorporate rural consumers since it only uses rural samples for creating weights; prices are often only collected in urban areas. The HICP also differs from the US CPI by excluding owner-occupied housing from its scope. The US CPI calculates “rental-equivalent” costs for owner-occupied housing while the HICP considers such expenditure as investment and excludes it. The flash estimation procedure for the MUICP combines historical information with partial information on price developments in the most recent months to give a total index for the euro area. The site aims to facilitate the understanding, use and comparison of euro area and national statistics. It presents the statistics visually, uses user-friendly terms and is available in all official EU languages.

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In August 2020, the inflation rate in the Euro area reached -0.2 percent compared to the same month of the previous year. Basically all consumer goods and services purchased by means of monetary transactions come within the scope of the HICP. The technical name for these expenditures is “household final monetary consumption expenditure”. This includes everyday items such as food, newspapers and petrol, durable goods such as clothing, PCs and washing machines, and services such as hairdressing, insurance and rented housing.

Euro Area Core Inflation Rate – data, historical chart, forecasts and calendar of releases – was last updated on March of 2021. Inflation Rate in European Union averaged 1.87 percent from 2000 until 2021, reaching an all time high of 4.50 percent in July of 2008 and a record low of -0.60 percent in January of 2015. This page provides the latest reported value for – European Union Inflation Rate – plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. European Union Inflation Rate – values, historical data and charts – was last updated on March of 2021. Therefore, unlike some national consumer price indices, all types of household and all geographical areas of a country are included.

Inflation Rate In Euro Area Countries In August 2020

This means that the general price level for a particular period of time – say, January 2009 – is compared with the same period one year earlier – namely January 2008. When forming their perceptions, people may think back to prices several years ago. Over a long period of time prices tend to rise substantially, even with a low annual rate of inflation. For example, if the annual rate of change of the HICP is 2%, after 10 years the general price level will have increased by over 20%. In the euro area, the annual inflation rate was 0.9% in January, up from minus 0.3% compared to the previous month. The Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices is an aggregate measure of consumer inflation for all countries within the eurozone.

In October 2020, the euro area seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 8.4%, down from 8.5% in September 2020 and up from 7.4% in October 2019. The EU unemployment rate was 7.6% in October 2020, stable compared with September 2020 and up from 6.6% in October 2019. In Euro Area, the core inflation rate is calculated using the weighted average of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Price aggregates, excluding energy, food, alcohol & tobacco that face volatile price movements. The euro area HICP covers those EU Member States whose currency was the euro during the time period to which the data relate.

European Union Core Inflation Rate1997

To combine the 1.8 million prices collected every month into a single figure for the euro area, information is needed on the relative share of each product in household consumption expenditure. On average, the prices of around 700 products are collected every month in different outlets and in approximately 1,600 different towns and cities across the euro area. It measures the average change over time in the prices paid by households for a specific, regularly updated basket of consumer goods and services.

It is important to note that the HICP takes into account the consumption expediture of all the households in a country and not some “typical” household (see section “Concept” above). For example, expenditure on petrol is included for those households with a car and, at the same time, expenditure on bus tickets is included for those that use public transport. What is important in the HICP is its composition, which encompasses the total consumption expenditure of all households together. While the effect of quality changes is usually small for many items in the HICP (e.g. butter), for some items the effect can be large (e.g. for cars and computers). Work is underway in Eurostat to ensure that all countries use comparable techniques for quality adjustment. In any case, the conceptual differences between the two types of price index do not generally lead to substantial differences in practice. Inflation Rate in Euro Area is expected to be 0.60 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations.

The Hicp And Cost

Eurostat also ensures the quality of the national figures by monitoring compliance with the legally binding standards. An even narrower core inflation measure, stripping out also alcohol and tobacco prices that many market economists look at, dipped to 0.8% year-on-year from 0.9% in May. Food, alcohol and tobacco prices went up in annual terms by 3.2%, while prices in the services sector, the largest in the bloc’s economy, rose by 1.2% in June. Eurostat said annual inflation in the 19 countries sharing the euro rose by 0.3% in June after a rise of just 0.1% in May, in line with the agency’s earlier estimates released on June 30. In sharp contrast with the US inflation index, the HICP does not include the cost of housing. This has been the subject of criticism from numerous academics, fellow central bankers and members of the European Parliament.

On a monthly basis, harmonized prices are expected to have fallen 0.3% in November, contrasting October’s 0.1% uptick. Core inflation, which excludes volatile energy and unprocessed foods prices, sped up to 1.5% in November from October’s 1.2%. According to a preliminary estimate released by Eurostat on 29 November, harmonized inflation accelerated to 1.0% in November from October’s 0.7%, which had marked the lowest reading since November 2016. The result surprised market analysts on the upside but is still far below the European Central Bank’s target rate of near, but under, 2.0%. November’s acceleration due to faster price increases in all subcomponents of the index—especially for services—except for energy. It’s not always the items whose prices change the most that have the biggest impact on the index. The rate of inflation also depends on the share of each product in average household consumption expenditure – in other words a product’s “weight”.

All values are equivalent in terms of purchasing power, which means that for each year the same goods or services could be bought with the indicated amount of money. The HICP is compiled by Eurostat together with the national statistical institutes of the Member States of the European Union. In order to keep the index up-to-date, product weights are updated regularly to reflect changes in consumer expenditure patterns. By law, countries must update all weights every 7 years – although in practice most countries update their weights on an annual basis.

“Euro area statistics” is a website provided by the European Central Bank and the national central banks of the Eurosystem. The lowest annual rates were registered in Italy, Portugal (both 0.2%) and Belgium (0.4%). The highest annual rates were recorded in Romania (3.8%), Hungary (3.4%), Slovakia (3.2%) and Czechia (3.0%). Compared with October, annual inflation fell in five Member States, remained stable in two and rose in twenty. The following chart depicts the equivalence of euro throughout the years due to compound inflation and CPI changes.

Each country’s HICP measures the change over time in the prices of a basket of goods and services acquired, used or paid for by households within that country. All EU countries employ the same HICP methodology, enabling them to be compared to each other and aggregated to calculate the MUICP. The main goal of the ECB is price stability, which it defines as an annual HICP rate in the euro area of 2 percent or less. The HICP and MUICP data releases are critical for the ECB in terms of how it sets monetary policy in the euro area. The statistic shows the inflation rate in the European Union and the Euro area from 2015 to 2019, with projections up until 2025.

eurostat inflation

The ECB Announcement is a publication by the European Central Bank Governing Council after meetings devoted to monetary policy. The Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices is a list of the final costs paid by European consumers for the items in a basket of common goods. Romania’s National Bank also increased recentlyits annual inflation forecast for the end of this year, from 3.5% per year to 3.6%. Labor market conditions in the common currency bloc deteriorated in March, the first month when COVID-19 containment measures began to be extensively introduced, according to data released by Eurostat.

Eurozone Inflation November 2019

“Euro area statistics” is a service provided by the European Central Bank and the National Central Banks of the Eurosystem. Users of “Euro area statistics” can easily download statistics or share them by embedding the graphics into other websites, via e-mail or social media. The embed functionality may be useful for electronic news media and newspapers. You are therefore invited to share this tool or to embed it into your website. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. The overall EU GDP , an important indicator of a country’s well-being, amounted to approximately 14 million around the same time.

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